Given the range of coal qualities now in the market place, both conventional and advanced analytical methods may be required to meet trade and utilisation requirements. This course provides a summary of key analytical methods, their relevance and systems of classification used in trade and industry.
CARBON IN THE METALLURGICAL INDUSTRY: COAL, COKE, CHAR AND BIOCHAR FOR THE IRON, STEEL AND FERROALLOY INDUSTRY.
South Africa has very limited resources of coke, the prime metallurgical reductant, and the costs of importing coke from abroad have reached unparalleled heights. This workshop will outline the relevance of different carbon products in each metallurgical process and present new carbon products and their potential for increased efficiency and costs reductions.
COAL AND HYDROCARBON RESOURCES AND RESERVES IN SOUTHERN AFRICA: SOUTH AFRICA, ZIMBABWE, BOTSWANA, MOZAMBIQUE.
As sub-Saharan countries in Southern Africa continue to increase their potential for energy production, so the question arises as to what natural resources are available and how best to use them for energy and carbon-based multiproduct production. This workshop seeks to present the current and potential for future development in coal and hydrocarbon resources in all sectors of the region
TO BENEFICIATE OR NOT TO BENEFICIATE COAL – THAT IS THE QUESTION!
As coal continues to reduce in quality in currently mined areas, the question arises as to how to make the process more efficient and cost effective and thereby beneficiate low grade coals to meet current and impending stringent market and emission requirements. This course seeks to present the principles and practice of coal preparation and beneficiation and concludes with an introduction to some alternative user options.
MIXING AND BLENDING COAL: WHAT QUALITIES ARE COMPATIBLE AND WHAT ARE NOT?
Mixing of different qualities of coal to meet Industry’s specifications is a common and relatively simple practice in the trade and marketing industry, but this can lead to unsuspecting and unintended consequences. The blending of coal, on the other hand, is a highly scientific practice and is used in the specialised manufacture of coke and related high-value carbon products. This course presents the differences between the practices of mixing and blending and summarises key aspects in the practice of both with some critical consequences in trade and utilisation.